Buildroot 2024.02 has been published and we’re excited to share new images! This release includes our latest 6.1 kernel, as well as added support for our Nitrogen8ULP and Nitrogen93 SMARC platforms!

For the impatient

You can download pre-built Buildroot 2024.02 images from here:

In order to flash those images you can follow our video on this topic:

Or for those fluent in command lines, you can simply use zcat:

~$ zcat 2024*br2024.02-nitrogen*.img.gz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX bs=1M

What’s new?

Buildroot 2024.02 release

It would be too long of a list to enumerate all the changes Buildroot went through since the last release. For recent changes, we invite you to check the last release announcement:

We’ll focus on the i.MX changes for this release in the next sections.

Boundary Devices layer

As usual, we provide our own Boundary Devices external layer:

This includes the following custom configurations

  • nitrogen8m_qt5_gst1_defconfig:
  • nitrogen8mm_qt5_gst1_defconfig:
  • nitrogen8mn_qt5_gst1_defconfig:
  • nitrogen8mp_qt5_gst1_defconfig:
  • nitrogen6x_qt5_gst1_defconfig:
    • For BD-SL-i.MX6 (SABRE Lite), Nitrogen6X, Nitrogen6X SOM v2, Nitrogen6 Lite, Nitrogen6 MAX, Nitrogen6 VM
    • Same set of packages as nitrogen8m_qt5_gst1_defconfig
  • nitrogen6sx_qt5_gst1_defconfig:
    • For Nitrogen6_SoloX
    • Same set of packages as nitrogen6x_qt5_gst1_defconfig
  • nitrogen7_gst1_defconfig:
    • For Nitrogen7
    • Same set of packages as nitrogen6x_qt5_gst1_defconfig minus Qt5
  • nitrogen6x_qt5_gst1_mainline_defconfig:
    • For BD-SL-i.MX6 (SABRE Lite), Nitrogen6X, Nitrogen6X SOM v2, Nitrogen6 Lite, Nitrogen6 MAX
    • Same set of packages as nitrogen6x_qt5_gst1_defconfig
    • Mainline kernel

New features

Buildroot 2024.02 includes the following versions of packages:

  • BlueZ5 5.72
  • GStreamer 1.22.9
  • GStreamer-imx v0.13.1 for i.MX6
  • GStreamer-imx v2.2.0 for i.MX8M*
  • imx-codec 4.8.2
  • imx-gpu-viv 6.4.11.p2.2
  • imx-vpu-hantro 1.31.0 for i.MX8M*
  • imx-vpu-hantro-vc 1.9.1 for i.MX8MP
  • imx-vpu for i.MX6
  • Linux kernel 6.1.y
  • kernel-module-bdsdmac-backports (Supports BD-SDMAC, Sona IF573 WiFi 6E + Bluetooth, and Sterling LWB5+ Wifi+Bluetooth modules)
  • Qt5 5.15.11
  • Support for Nitrogen8M Mini SMARC
  • Support for Nitrogen8ULP
  • Support for Nitrogen93 SMARC
  • Wayland 1.22.0
  • Weston 12.0.1

There are a few differences between Yocto and Buildroot releases at this stage:

  • Buildroot images use standard packages without NXP modifications
    • This applies to GStreamer, Weston, libdrm, wayland etc…
    • The main drawback is that Weston can’t be used with G2D
    • The (big) advantage is that it makes the codebase much easier to maintain, being able to use all the latest packages without having to be stuck at an earlier version chosen by NXP
  • Open-source gstreamer-imx plugin is used instead of NXP forks
    • This allows us to have imx-related changes for GStreamer in 1 package only

Build procedure

Just like our Yocto image, we now use a Docker file to build our images on our Jenkins server so that everyone can use the exact same environment. This ensures reproducible builds without having to think about missing dependencies. If interested in using this approach, we invite you to read the following blog post using the following docker file:

Otherwise you can follow Buildroot documentation to know the host requirements:

Once your development environment is setup properly, you can

  • Download the source code. To ease the repo cloning process, we decided to create a manifest to match what is done for Yocto/Android:
    ~$ sudo apt-get install repo
    ~$ mkdir ~/br2024.02 && cd br2024.02
    ~/br2024.02$ repo init -u https://github.com/boundarydevices/buildroot-manifest -b 2024.02.x
    ~/br2024.02$ repo sync
  • Create an output folder for your configuration:
    ~/br2024.02$ make BR2_EXTERNAL=$PWD/buildroot-external-boundary/ 
    -C $PWD/buildroot/ O=$PWD/output nitrogen8mm_qt5_gst1_defconfig
    ~/br2024.02$ cd output
  • Build the image
    ~/br2024.02/output$ make
  • Your image is now ready!
    ~/br2024.02/output$ ls -l images/sdcard.img
    ~/br2024.02/output$ sudo dd if=images/sdcard.img of=/dev/sdX bs=1M

Testing the image

As usual, the login for this image is root with no password. The external repository README details many commands that can be tested on the image.

  • Once booted up, the Weston desktop should appear automatically, from there you can start a 3D test to ensure GPU acceleration
    # cd /usr/share/examples/viv_samples/vdk/
    # ./tutorial7 -h 720

    br2024_02 tutorial7

  • You can also check the GStreamer VPU acceleration by decoding the well known Big Buck Bunny video
    # wget http://linode.boundarydevices.com/videos/trailer_1080p_h264_mp3.avi -P /root/
    # gst-launch-1.0 filesrc location=/root/trailer_1080p_h264_mp3.avi ! 
    decodebin ! waylandsink

    br2024.02 vpu_bbb

  • If you have our OV5640 5MP MIPI camera, you can check the GStreamer video capture
    # gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video0 ! video/x-raw,width=1280,height=720 ! 

    br2024.02 cam_mini

  • This build fully supports the Basler daA3840 8MP camera from Basler when using our Nitrogen 8M Plus
    # gst-launch-1.0 -v v4l2src device=/dev/video2 ! waylandsink
    [ 352.348796] wdr3 res: 1920 1080
    [ 352.352471] enter isp_mi_start
    [ 357.581179] ###### 62.42 fps ######
    [ 362.771924] ###### 62.42 fps ######


  • This build fully supports the IMX219 camera using our Nitrogen8M Plus SMARC. We tested using the Arducam imx219
    # gst-launch-1.0 -v v4l2src device=/dev/video2 ! waylandsink


  • This build also includes qt5 and examples can be run from “/usr/lib/qt/examples”
    # cd /usr/lib/qt/examples/
    # ls
    README network qtestlib svg
    bluetooth nfc quick virtualkeyboard
    corelib opengl quickcontrols vulkan
    dbus positioning quickcontrols2 wayland
    examples.pro qml script widgets
    gui qmltest sensors xml
    location qpa serialbus
    multimedia qt3d serialport
    multimediawidgets qtconcurrent sql
  • The following Wifi modules are supported:
    • BD-SDMAC
    • IF573
    • LWB5+
  • You can test as shown below:
# wpa_passphrase MYSSID MYPASSWORD >> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf
# /etc/init.d/S50wpa-supplicant stop
# sleep 1
# /etc/init.d/S50wpa-supplicant start

# iw wlan0 link
Connected to a4:3e:51:08:54:f6 (on wlan0)
freq: 5660
RX: 47685 bytes (747 packets)
TX: 2054 bytes (0 packets)
signal: -58 dBm
tx bitrate: 150.0 MBit/s MCS 7 40MHz short GI
# udhcpc -i wlan0
udhcpc: started, v1.31.1
udhcpc: sending discover
udhcpc: sending select for
udhcpc: lease of obtained, lease time 86400
deleting routers
adding dns
# ping google.com -I wlan0
PING google.com ( 56 data bytes
64 bytes from seq=0 ttl=116 time=6.971 ms
64 bytes from seq=1 ttl=116 time=13.145 ms
  • The following Bluetooth modules are supported:
    • BD-SDMAC
    • IF573
    • LWB5+
  • You can test with hciconfig/hcitool as shown below:
# echo 1 > /sys/class/rfkill/rfkill0/state
# hcitool scan
Scanning ...
48:C1:AC:00:D7:DCVoyager PRO+